#TechStarters provides support for Windows Servers

Windows Server has many roles it can perform. It frequently provides a centralized point of management for all desktop and laptop computers in a company, as well as storing & sharing the most valuable files and data for your company. While Windows Server performs so many critical functions, we frequently encounter them with little to no security; more exposed to viruses than user desktops.

Windows Server

The truth is, if the server can communicate with your clients, then it can access the internet, leaving it vulnerable to any viruses and becoming a holy grail for hackers.

Anti-virus is a must. Correctly configuring firewalls is complex and over whelming to someone who doesn’t know what they’re doing; they need to be configured to allow the necessary programs in & out, but nothing else. Instead of turning off the firewall, the administrator should be making a rule to allow access for whatever the firewall broke. Remember, the server’s firewall is part of its defense against any client computers that become infected. Finally, patches can be scheduled to install and restart over night when no one is using the server. Patches remove know vulnerabilities so they can’t be exploited by bad actors; they are critical.

Many people claim to be knowledgeable of Windows Server — Windows and Windows Server look pretty similar to Windows, so they assume they can simply setup and manage Windows Server with no training, just by following wizards and using Google. It’s easy to identify those individuals by asking them about some of the critical behind-the-scenes parts of Windows Server. Ask them about FSMO roles and they have no idea what you’re talking about. FSMO roles are one of those things that aren’t mentioned in any Wizard and you barely touch. However, if a server is added, removed, or has it’s role changed without adjusting FSMOs you will eventually have major, strange-seeming problems that only become apparent days, weeks, or sometimes months afterwards. Other telling signs are blank or scared looks when mentioning PowerShell and Active Directory Domain Controllers without the DHCP server role also installed and configured. PowerShell knowledge is essential for managing modern Windows Servers because some commands and configurations are only accessible with PowerShell.